The complete length of the Sichuan–Tibet road was over 4,000 kilometers, and it has a history of 1,300 years. Williams, Tim, Lin, Roland Chih-Hung and Gai, Jorayev. Traveling along the Ancient Tea Horse Road is returning to nature, a trip for harmony between humanity and the environment, a trip of spiritual refreshment for urban people, and a trip of adventure and discovery. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road of Southwest China, aka the " Silk Roadof Southwest China" – but called Chamagudao in Chinese (cha-ma-gu-dao = Tea-Horse-Ancient-Road) – is an old trade route that stretched east to west and south to north across southwest China, including present-day Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region), and down into Nepal and India (see the stylized map below). For thousands of years, numerous caravans had been quietly traveling along it.The ancient Tea Horse Road was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet. Transportation was very difficult in the southwest because there were lots of high and precipitous mountains, climbable only by narrow zigzagging roads, and rapid rivers to cross. Years ago, tea growers and horse traders met in markets along Yunnan’s Tea-Horse Road, an old trade route also called the South Silk Road, between … In 1696, the Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty approved of the 'tea-for-horse' trade in Kangding, which made the place become a major commercial center between inland areas and Tibet. Wheeled or waterway transportation was nearly impossible. The trade road at the time was called Yak Road, the original ancient Tea-Horse Road. I have found towns along the way there bearing the name Mangan, India and Mangan, Afghanistan The Ancient Tea Horse Road winds through China's vast western area, in which diverse tourist attractions are found including a wide variety of wildlife, amazing scenery, colorful ethnic culture, splendid imperial monuments, and sites of religious practices. It is believed that it was through this trading network that tea (typically tea bricks) first spread across China and Asia from its origins in Pu'er county, near Simao Prefecture in Yunnan. Besides tea, silk products from Chengdu, notably Shujin (蜀锦), was also traded through this road to South Asian from around 2000 years ago. Generally speaking, (in China) the Ancient Tea Horse Road was divided into two major roads: the SichuanâTibet Tea Horse Road and the YunnanâTibet Tea Horse Road. The first record of tea cultivation in the world suggested that tea was cultivated on Sichuan's Mount Mengding (蒙顶山) between Chengdu and Ya'an earlier than 65 BC. In the Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized agency of government named "Chamasi" (茶马司) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade. As early as 2,000 years ago, during the Western Han dynasty (206 BC-24 AD), tea was being traded. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road as a corridor of ancient civilizations. The best known example to illustrate the importance of the horse in the history of Inner Asia is the Mongol Empire. Horse caravans carried tea, sugar and salt from Sichuan and Yunnan to Tibet and … The complete length of the SichuanâTibet road was over 4,000 kilometers, with a history of 1,300 years. Guide, China Top Through Kangding, domestic commodities, such as silk and tea, were sold to the West and, in return, goods from Southern Asia, Europe, and America flowed to inland areas of China. The Tea Horse Road (Cha Ma Dao) was a network of mule caravan paths winding through the mountains of Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet in Southwest China. & Referral Program. The ancient commercial passage, dubbed the "Ancient Tea-Horse Road", first appeared during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), and lasted until the 1960s when Tibetan highways were constructed. Few people in ancient times could finish the whole journey. No need to register, buy now! LINKING TIBET WITH THE HINTERLAND. Tea, salt and sugar were once transported along these important trade routes to Tibet and, in the opposite direction, Tibetan horses were … The ancient Tea Horse Road, which dates back to the 17th century, was a network of ancient trade routes that came into being after the Silk Road. The ancient tea horse road brought puerh tea from Yunnan to the rest of the Asian world. It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road and Ancient Tea and Horse Road. But not for long. With the rapid development of modern roads in the late 20th century, the ancient pathways have been superseded by the SichuanâTibet Highway and other Tibetan roads. In addition to the Silk Road, another, smaller path, containing a caravan network, called the Tea Horse Road also became important in facilitating the tea trade in China and Tibet. Abstract: The Tea Horse Road (chamagudao 茶马古道) was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet, that stretched across Bhutan and Sikkim, Nepal and India, and then reached Western Asia. The ancient Tea Horse Road, which dates back to the 17th century, was a network of ancient trade routes that came into being after the Silk Road. Tea eventually gained prestige and status, sometimes being given as elaborate gifts to royalty and nobility. Â© 1998-2020 China Highlights â Discovery Your Way! The Tea Horse Road linked Sichuan, Yunnan, and Tibet, stretched across Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, and India, and then reached the Middle East, and even the Red Sea coast of Egypt. Tea Horse Routes from Pu’er, Yunan and Ya’an, Sichuan to Lhasa, Tibet. The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China. The official tea warehouse of Tea Horse Bureau (Qing Dynasty) on the route in Tianquan, Sichuan. China Area ), which was often more than their own body weight in tea. Ya'an has been an important hub of tea trading till the 20th century. Find the perfect tea horse road and china stock photo. Asia’s ancient Tea Horse Road Chinese tea and Tibetan horses were long traded on the legendary Tea Horse Road, a harsh 2,250km trail stretching from China’s Sichuan Province to … The Ancient Tea Horse Road is one of the highest and most precipitous ancient roads in the world, which has carried and spread civilization and culture for centuries. The Tea Horse Road originated from 'tea-horse trade markets'(茶马互市), the traditional 'tea-for-horse' trade between Han and Tibetan people.It began with Tibetan interest in teain the Tang Dynasty(618–907), Duringthe Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized governmentagency (茶马司) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade. The Tea Horse Road traces its roots back to the Tang Dynasty. The surviving ancient route in Pujiang between Chengdu and Ya'an. Tea Horse Routes from Pu’er, Yunan and Ya’an, Sichuan to Lhasa, Tibet. Thus they were not sheer monasteries but had more important roles to play apart from performing religious activities. ZHANG YUN "(The) Buddhist monk, seeing what was going on and seeing, regardless of his good intentions, it wasn't going to work, left the main contingent taking me with him high into the mountains basically retracing the steps of the ancient Chamadao, the Tea Horse Trail or Tea Horse Road. Kangding was the place where traders from the West needed to change their means of transportation or where they just traded with local people. It began from Simao (a major tea-producing area) and led to Lhasa, crossing Pu'er in Xishuangbanna, Dali, Lijiang, and Shangri-La, and continuing to Nepal, Burma, and India. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road of Southwest China, aka the " Silk Road of Southwest China" – but called Chamagudao in Chinese (cha-ma-gu-dao = Tea-Horse-Ancient-Road) – is an old trade route that stretched east to west and south to north across southwest China, including present-day Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region), and down into Nepal and India (see the stylized map … Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Tea Horse Road: China's Ancient Trade Road to Tibet by Michael Freeman, Selina Ahmed (Paperback, 2015) at the best online prices at eBay! This route gave birth to what we now call Puerh. This road is very treacherous with narrow roads that snake along the side of mountains that easily washed out and were barely wide enough for a horse or human on foot. 11 From here the route continued southwest along the Qingyi 青衣 River to Ya'an 雅安, once an important center for tea trade with connections through the Tibetan Plateau, linking up with the "Tea and Horse Trade" routes to Tibet, an important offshoot of the Southwestern Silk Road. Standing on the road, you can still clearly see the 70 cm-deep ruts in stone slabs caused by the stamping of horses' hooves over the centuries. The roads created by traders connected communities in neighboring valleys and villages, and became the communication links for southwest China. Feixiange Grottoes (689 AD), Buddhist art on the route from Chengdu to Ya'an. Attractions, China THE TEA-HORSE TRADE ROUTE. Accessing some of the most remote communities in all of Asia, it was at once a trade route, migration route and strategic military route that linked and provided. Everyday low … The Tea and Horse Road was an extensive network of routes connecting the important tea-growing regions in Yunnan and Sichuan with the Tibetan highlands. Chinese businessmen often bartered local products, such as tea for yaks, with Tibetan people who lived beyond the Dadu River. Aged altars on the roadside are engraved with all sorts of religious scriptures and mottos. Across the dangerous hills and rivers of the Hengduan mountain range (spanning the west side of Sichuan and Yunnan provinces and the southeast of Tibet), invading the wild lands and forests of "the Rooftop of the World", a mysterious ancient road winds and wanders. During the Ming Dynasty (1368â1644), the SichuanâTibet Tea Horse Road was officially recognized, and this helped the commercial towns and cities along the road to expand, and promoted commerce between inland areas and Tibet. Tea was exchanged for everything from ponies to jewels, dried herbs, and spices.  In addition to tea, the mule caravans carried salt. Ya'an has been an important hub of tea trading till the 20th century. This policy guaranteed the sufficient supply of tea to Tibet, promoted the development of tea-drinking among Tibetans, and thus greatly extended the ancient Tea-Horse Road. The Ancient Tea Horse Road (in China) was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan, and Tibet. Trade in tea, horses, medicines and other goods were transported by caravans (mabang马帮), and thus the network of trails was called the Tea Horse Road. The trade relied heavily on horses, mules. , In the 21st century, the legacy of the Tea-Horse Road has been used to promote a railway that will connect Chengdu to Lhasa. The Ancient Tea Horse Road was spectacular. It was thus the critical trade route connecting Yunnan to Southern Asia. Especially, it was vitally important for the interchange of Buddhism between China and South Asia.. The SichuanâTibet Tea Horse Road stretched from Ya'an in Sichuan to Lhasa via Luding, Kangding, Batang, and Chamdo in Tibet, and extended to Nepal, Burma, and India. Authorities claim it will bring great benefit to the people's welfare.. In this region, near upper Mekong, there was the junction of the Sichuan and Yunnan branches of the route. The Tea Horse Road starts in the tea producing regions of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan and winds its way north through Dali, Lijiang, Yangjing and Litang in Sichuan, before eventually ending in Lhasa.Sometimes the tea … In the Tang and Song (960â1279) dynasties, the QinghaiâTibet Highway became a major alternative for transporting tea to Tibet from Sichuan and other more eastern areas, taking the less-steep long way round through Chengdu, Xiâan (then Changâan) and the Silk Road. Besides tea, silk products from Chengdu, notably Shujin (蜀锦), was also traded through this road to South Asian from around 2000 years ago. Meanwhile, the road also promoted exchanges in culture, religion and ethnic migration, This was also a tea trade route. Mount Mengding is the place where tea was first cultivated with written records (65 BC). Government efforts to control the horse-tea trade with those who ruled the areas north of the Tarim Basin (in the Xinjiang of today) continued down into the sixteenth century, when it was disrupted by political disorders. A continuation of some of the embedded moments – both large and small – of our 7.5 month expedition to chart and document the Tea Horse Road. Under such circumstances, pack horses were the only means of transportation and made the Ancient Tea Horse Road special. Our focus is on health and wellness and the restorative properties contained in tea, herbal infusions and wild craft foods like wild rice, North America’s original “superfood”. It began with Tibetan interest in tea in the Tang Dynasty(618â907), During the Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized government agency (è¶é©¬å¸) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade.  The porters carried metal-tipped staffs, both for balance while walking and to help support the load while they rested, so they didn't need to lay the bales down (as illustrated in the photo). Markham County in the very east of Tibet. The stations where traders stopped to do business later became towns or cities. Accompanying Michael Freeman's spectacular photographers is text drawing on first-hand experiences, primary research and This is the first comprehensive visual documentation of the Tea Horse Road that takes the audience on a journey from the birthplace of the tea plant along the oldest trade route of tea in the world. For thousands of years the Tea Horse Road was the most significant corridor connecting the ancient civilizations of Yunnan and Sichuan in Southwest China with Tibet and finally India. THE TEA-HORSE TRADE ROUTE. Chinese tea was first produced in Sichuan Province. LUX * Tea Horse Road takes you on a wildly unique journey from Pu’er to Dali, Lijiang, Shangri-La and all the way to Benzilan—one of the last stops. LINKING TIBET WITH THE HINTERLAND. Besides the route's importance for commercial activity, more significantly it was crucial for cultural exchange between the Indian subcontinent, Tibet and Southwest China. There are numerous surviving archaeological and monumental elements, including trails, bridges, way stations, market towns, palaces, staging posts, shrines and temples along the route. China needed war horses to protect its northern frontier and Tibet could supply them. The custom of drinking tea, however, had not yet developed widely in Chin… It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road or Southwest Silk Road, and it is part of a complex routes system connecting China and South Asia. Tea and other products were transported to Tibet to be traded for much needed horses. During the Ming dynasty (1368A.D-1644A.D), the Tea-horse Trade Route via Kham officially formed, even though this trading route had existed since the early time of Song dynasty. The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China. Along the Tea Horse Road, the careful daily ritual of loading and unloading of commodities was considered an art form. The name of the road (Chamadao in the Chinese records meaning “the tea and horse road”) indicates its importance in the trade of tea and horses, but other products passed along it as well. History, Chinese As a trade and news pipeline, the Tea Horse Road’s importance cannot be overstated. It is also one of the oldest and highest trade routes. Horse caravans served as the main means of transportation at a time of tea-for-horse trade, hence the trade route's name.