Turkish: Tuna; At the Iron Gate, the Danube flows through a gorge that forms part of the boundary between Serbia and Romania; it contains the Iron Gate I Hydroelectric Power Station dam, followed at about 60 km (37 mi) downstream (outside the gorge) by the Iron Gate II Hydroelectric Power Station. It also convenes groups of experts to consider items provided for in the commission's working plans. Part of the rivers Danubius or Istros was also known as (together with the Black Sea) the Okeanos in ancient times, being called the Okeanos Potamos (Okeanos River). The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) is an organization consisting of 14 member states (Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Montenegro and Ukraine) and the European Union. The capital cities where the Danube River crosses from west to east, respectively; Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest. The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire and today flows through 10 countries. This has a few interesting geological complications. It is possible that dānu in Scythian as in Avestan was a generic word for "river": Dnieper and Dniestr, from Danapris and Danastius, are presumed to continue Scythian *dānu apara "far river" and *dānu nazdya- "near river", respectively. All aboard! , The Route of Emperors and Kings is an international touristic route leading from Regensburg to Budapest, calling in Passau, Linz and Vienna. Danube River ABC’s. From the river, you can spy the enormous neoclassical basilica which holds one of the world’s largest altarpieces and a collection of priceless religious artefacts. The commission dates to the Paris Conferences of 1856 and 1921, which established for the first time an international regime to safeguard free navigation on the Danube. gay couple visiting landmarks before farewell in eastern europe - danube river map stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The river runs for roughly 2850km, or around 1770 miles, flowing through 10 countries until it reaches the Black Sea via the Danube delta. Croatian: Dunav (IPA: [dǔna(ː)ʋ]); The importance of fishing on the Danube, which was critical in the Middle Ages, has declined dramatically. It is the longest river of the European Union.. The Danube river flows with a rich cultural history that’s second to none in Europe. A few species of euryhaline fish, such as European seabass, mullet, and eel, inhabit the Danube Delta and the lower portion of the river. Click on the map below for details of each river section. The Danube Banks in Budapest are a part of Unesco World Heritage sites, they can be viewed from a number of sightseeing cruises offered in the city. Copyrights © 2020 Riviera Travel Blog. Many of the Ottoman–Hungarian Wars (1366–1526) and Ottoman–Habsburg wars (1526–1791) were fought along the river. The land drained by the Danube extends into many other countries. It was on Leuke, in one version of his legend, that the hero Achilles was buried (to this day, one of the mouths of the Danube is called Chilia). Its goal is to implement the Danube River Protection Convention by promoting and coordinating sustainable and equitable water management, including conservation, improvement and rational use of waters and the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive. , The sturgeon stocks associated with the Danube River basin have, over the centuries, formed the basis of a large and significant commercial fishery, renowned throughout the world. The three great rivers, the Rhein, Danube & Elbe, dominate the Waterways of Germany. The European Water Divide applies only for those waters that pass beyond this point, and only during the days of the year when the Danube carries enough water to survive the sink holes in the Donauversickerung. In 1994 the Danube was declared one of ten Pan-European transport corridors, routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the following ten to fifteen years. Call us at 800-510-4002 or inquire about a vacation here. It travels through 10 countries: Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Servia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, and Ukraine before emptying into the Black Sea. All Rights Reserved. 23. With its well established infrastructure regarding cycling, hiking and travel possibilities, the region along the Danube attracts every year an international clientele. The Danubian Neolithic cultures include the Linear Pottery cultures of the mid-Danube basin. The Danube Commission is concerned with the maintenance and improvement of the river's navigation conditions. The Finnish word for Danube is Tonava, which is most likely derived from the word for the river in German, Donau. In 1999, transport on the river was made difficult by the NATO bombing of three bridges in Serbia during the Kosovo War. Prepare Get in By boat . Its lakes and marshes support 45 freshwater fish species. Ordered from the source to the mouth they are: The Danube is navigable by ocean ships from the Black Sea to Brăila in Romania (the maritime river sector), and further on by river ships to Kelheim, Bavaria, Germany; smaller craft can navigate further upstream to Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. The Danube also coincides with a climate border; by and large crops such as grapes grow poorly north of the river. Bratislava does not usually suffer major floods, but the Danube sometimes overflows its right bank, Combat between Russian and Turkish forces on the Danube in 1854, during the Crimean War (1853–1856). In the Rigveda, Dānu once appears as the mother of Vrtra, "a dragon blocking the course of the rivers". Nowadays they still remind us of the bold architecture of the "Donaubarock". Sections along the river are as follows. The crossing of the Danube into Dacia was achieved by the Imperium Romanum, first in two battles in 102 and then in 106 after the construction of a bridge in 101 near the garrison town of Drobeta at the Iron Gate. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Iron gates II design and performance of dams- geotechnical considerations", Executive Agency for Exploration and Maintenance of the Danube River, "Straturi etimologice reflectate în hidronimia românească", Complete table of the Bavarian Waterbody Register, Danube River Basin District, Part A – Roof Report, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR): Danube Basin/River Basin, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, "Riječni gusari u Srbiji pljačkaju hrvatske brodove", "Ukrainian Danube Shipping Company Says Its Ships Are Being Attacked Frequently in Romanian Part Of River Danube", "Українські кораблі все частіше стають жертвами румунських піратів", Reports Of 'Pirates Of The Danube' Get The Old Heave-Ho, State Hydrometeorological Bureau of the Republic of Croatia, "Press release of the "ARGE Donau Österreich, Danube watershed map and information from the World Resources Institute, danubemap.eu – The Tourist Map of the Danube, Bridges of Budapest over the Danube river. From there the Sultans Trail leaves the Danube, terminating in Istanbul. Mlava  The total drainage basin is 801,463 km2 (309,447 sq mi) in area and is home to 83 million people. While travelling on the mainland was quite exhausting, most people preferred to travel by ship on the Danube. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării pronounced [ˈdelta ˈdunərij]; Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, romanized: Del'ta Dunayu) is the largest river delta in the European Union.  Among these are an exceptionally high diversity of sturgeon, a total of six species (beluga, Russian sturgeon, bastard sturgeon, sterlet, starry sturgeon and European sea sturgeon), but these are all threatened and have largely–or entirely in the case of the European sea sturgeon–disappeared from the river. In 2010 the Donausteig, a hiking trail from Passau to Grein, was opened. The Proto-Indoeuropean root of this presumed name is related to the Iranic word "don-"/"dan-", while the supposed suffix -aris is encountered in the ancient name of the Ialomița River, Naparis, and in the unidentified Miliare river mentioned by Jordanes in his Getica. Most states also find it too difficult to clean the water because of extensive pollution; only parts of Romania where the water is cleaner still obtain drinking water from the Danube on a regular basis. Danube river cruises may not stop at all ports pictured on these maps. Silesian: Důnaj; It begins in the Black Forest in Germany and flows east to the Danube Delta on the western coast of the Black Sea. Cruise Danube Waltz Explore four of Europe’s most enchanting countries along the storied Danube River; Austria, Germany, Hungary and Slovakia. Today, 2,415 km (1,501 mi) of its total length are navigable. A look upstream from the Donauinsel in Vienna, Austria during an unusually cold winter (February 2006). Europe’s second longest river after the Volga, the Danube arises at the confluence of its headwaters, the Brigach and Breg Rivers, near the town of Donaueschingen in the Black Forest region of Germany. 32. Besides the often frequented route between Vienna and Budapest, some ships even go from Passau in Germany to the Danube Delta and back. Danube River Map. Between the late 14th and late 19th centuries, the Ottoman Empire competed first with the Kingdom of Serbia, Second Bulgarian Empire, Kingdom of Hungary, Principality of Wallachia, Principality of Moldavia and later with the Austrian Habsburgs, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Russian Empire for controlling the Danube (Tuna in Turkish), which became the northern border of the Ottoman Empire for centuries. Classified as an international waterway, it originates in the town of Donaueschingen, in the Black Forest of Germany, at the confluence of the rivers Brigach and Breg. These locks have larger dimensions. Its Sámi name Deatnu means "Great River". , The Upper Danube ecoregion alone has about 60 fish species and the Lower Danube–Dniester ecoregion has about twice as many. Cruise Grand European Tour Imagine 15 magical days along the Rhine, Main and Danube Rivers. The most important wars of the Ottoman Empire along the Danube include the Battle of Nicopolis (1396), the Siege of Belgrade (1456), the Battle of Mohács (1526), the first Turkish Siege of Vienna (1529), the Siege of Esztergom (1543), the Long War (1591–1606), the Battle of Vienna (1683), the Great Turkish War (1683–1699), the Crimean War (1853–1856) and the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878). Since the opening of the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal, the river connects the Port of Rotterdam and the industrial centres of Western Europe with the Black Sea and, also, through the Danube – Black Sea Canal, with the Port of Constanța. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe. 24. Spanish: Danubio; (Spanish pronunciation: [daˈnuβjo]); Most of this water resurfaces only 12 kilometres (7 mi) south at the Aachtopf, Germany's wellspring with the highest flow, an average of 8,500 litres per second (300 cu ft/s), north of Lake Constance—thus feeding the Rhine. Ialomița The oldest bridge across the Danube, constructed by Apollodorus of Damascus between 103 and 105 CE, directed by Trajan, modern Serbia and Romania. Seeing is believing when it comes to the breath-taking scenes on offer along the Danube, so if any of these cities or historical links have piqued your interest then it’s well worth getting a first-hand look at the beauty that’s on offer with a cruise along the Danube. Downstream from the Freudenau locks in Vienna, canalization of the Danube was limited to the Gabčíkovo dam and locks near Bratislava and the two double Iron Gate locks in the border stretch of the Danube between Serbia and Romania. Danube River, the second longest river in Europe after the Volga. The Danube forms at the point where the Breg and Brigach streams come together in Germany’s Black Forest, with the Breg being the bigger of the two and technically the hydrological source. Before the Route of Emperors and Kings ends, you pass Bratislava and Budapest, the latter which was seen as the twin town of Vienna during the times of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The initial design of these dams has not included any fish passage facility. There are a few cruise ships that travel from the Rhine via the Main River and the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal to the Danube, making it possible to travel from the North Sea to the Black Sea. The route passes five Bavarian and 40 Austrian communities. It was established in 1948 by seven countries bordering the river. A number of painters from the early 16th century – Altdorfer, Jörg Breu the Elder and Huber – came to form the “Danube School” of landscape painting, owing to their origins in the Danube Valley and distinctive visual style. May 4, 2015 - Map: Passau, Germany to Budapest, Hungary via the Danube River. Over 56,184km² in Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg are drained by the Danube – almost 17% of the entire country and 7% of the Danube River Basin. Sava (entering at Belgrade) Since ancient Roman times, famous emperors and their retinue travelled on and along the Danube and used the river for travel and transportation. The confluence of the Brigach and Breg Rivers around Donaueschingen located in the Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, is the source of the Danube.  He proposes that the Romanian name is loanword from a Turkic language (Cuman or Pecheneg). 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